Kategoriarkiv: Consciousness

Klee Irwin on a theory of everything

Klee Irwin is the director of Quantum Gravity Research (QGR), a Los Angeles-based group of theoretical physicists working to discover a new quantum gravity theory, or a first principle theory of everything.

Klee Irwin, The Quasicrystalline Nature of Consciousness in the Universe, YouTube.

The following is a transcript of Klee Irwin’s presentation from The Science of Consciousness conference in April, 2016, on The Quasicrystalline Nature of Consiousness in the Universe,1 where he presents seven clues for what a first-principles theory of everything should look like:

1. Information. Information is meaning in the form of symbolism. Both classic and quantum theory indicate reality is made of information. In fact, there is no evidence it is anything other than information. Quantum mechanics states clearly that the class of information is binary (any language with two symbols or states). It is illogical to assume mathematical symbolism or any other language can exist without consciousness to assign meaning to it.
2. Causality loops. Einstein showed how the future and past exist simultaneously in one geometric object. In 2014, scientists in Israel demonstrated that particles can be entangled over time and not just space. Daryl Bem of Cornell published rigorous evidence that retro-causality exists, where future events loop back in time to co-create past events. Obviously, the past co-creates the future. But what happens when the future also co-creates the past? An evolving feedback loop results. If every moment is co-creating every other moment both forward and backward in time… …reality is technically a neural network of information spanning space and time. This type of network would possess a strange quality… …it would be self-actualized — its own creator.
3. Non-determinism. Prior to the 1920s it was popular to believe in the clock-work universe idea of reality being a deterministic program playing itself out. … It was just following a deterministic algorithm. The famous double-slit experiment ruled out determinism, ushering in the new paradigm of quantum indeterminism. But even without the double slit experiment, the existence of freewill rules out the clock-work universe theory.
4. Consciousness. John Wheeler, who coined the term black hole, said reality is made of information created by observation — by consciousness. It certainly exists in the universe — at least in us. And relates deeply to quantum mechanics in ways not yet fully understood. The definition of information involves the perception of meaning, and meaning is a subjective, freewill choice — an act of consciousness. So when one realizes that energy is pure information, it becomes clear that reality itself deeply ties into consciousness in some way… …as though the fundamental stuff of reality is somehow consciousness. Did consciousness and information emerge in a causality feedback loop?
5. Pixelation. Werner Heisenberg developed the first equations of quantum mechanics using matrix math. He deduced that space and time were pixelated into indivisible Planck units, like a mosaic. The mathematics indicated this… …and there was no solid experimental evidence for smooth space or time. This new idea was too radical for most scientists of the day except for Niels Bohr, who agreed with Heisenberg. However, most scientists today still believe spacetime is smooth and without substructure — so not pixelated. On the other hand, most agree that a length can be no shorter than the Planck length — which suggests reality is pixelated. So there is a good deal of confusion. Until a powerful quantum gravity theory of pixelated spacetime is discovered, the issue will [probably] remain confusing.
6. E8 Crystal. The largest and most expensive object humans have ever built is the Large Hadron Collider in Geneva, Switzerland. It peers down into the subatomic realm by colliding particles together and giving us data on how they break apart. … We [have] learned that all fundamental particles and forces, including gravity, convert into one another according to the geometry of a shape related to an 8-dimensional Platonic solid. It forms a crystal structure in eight dimensions called the E8 lattice. It’s the maximum packing density of 8D spheres and can be built entirely of regular tetrahedra… …rotated from one another into higher dimensions by a golden ration based angle.
7. Golden Ratio. The golden ration may be the fundamental constant of nature. Along with its rational form, called the Fibonacci sequence, it is ubiquitous in the universe, from quantum to celestial scales. … A theory of everything must unite general relativity (the theory of space and time) with quantum mechanics. And a black hole is where these two theories converge at their limits. In the case of general relativity, black holes are the maximum possible density of mass/energy. … Reality appears to be made of binary information. The idea is known as the holographic principle… …and it comes from a mathematical proof called the Maldacena conjecture. It states that the total amount of binary information from all the mass and energy pulled into a black hole is proportional to its surface area… …where every four Planck areas of its surface encode the state of a fundamental particle that fell into it. … Black holes and quantum mechanics deeply relate to the golden ratio, binary information and the number 4… Perhaps it’s a clue about the missing quantum gravity theory of everything. …

Nature has given us seven clues about a theory of everything. So what is the key to this puzzle? QGR’s research program is focused on projecting the E8 crystal to 3D and 4D, which creates a golden ration based binary code of pixelated space and causality loops requiring emergent consciousness. …

When you think of a crystal, such as a checkerboard, you can imagine its fundamental cell, the square. So to understand the E8 crystal, you can understand its fundamental 8D shapes. The cell shape of E8 that best represents it is the Gosset polytope with 240 vertices. When we project this to 4D, it becomes two identical shapes of different sizes … The ration of their sizes is the golden ratio. They are called 4D icosahedra och 600-cells. And each is made of 600 regular 3D tetrahedra rotated from one another by a golden ratio based angle. The 600-cells intersect in seven golden ration based ways and kiss in one particular way to form a 4D aperiodic mosaic tiling called a quasicrystal. A quasicrystal is a code or language. This is because the ways you can arrange the building block geometric symbols or shapes are governed by rules (like a language). But within the rules, you must make choices that are not forced by those rules. So because it is not a deterministic or forces set of building instructions, there is freedom to create many patterns while still obeying the rules of the code. It is a language in every sense of the word… …specifically it is a language of waves or vibrations. The 4D quasicrystal is represented in 3D with regular tetrahedra related by golden ration based rotations … The language is binary, where tetrahedra form an invisible possibility space and are chose to be ”on” or ”off” in each frame, according to the language rules. Over many frozen quasicrystal frames, dynamic wave and particle-like patterns emerge…

Remember, evidence prevents us from believing in the deterministic Newtonian clock-work universe. And code cannot be operated by randomness or they breakdown and cease to generate meaning. So if reality is based on something like our E8 physics, WHO or WHAT is choosing the steps in the code that require freewill? It is certainly not us because this is a code that operates down at the Planck scale. And again, randomness does not generate meaning in languages. Plus, there is no first principles explanation for randomness or even experimental evidence for it. Can a consciousness that emerges from the code be the origin of the code in the first place — making it a logically consistent causality loop? A universal collective consciousness could be the answer. But how could such a thing emerge from a universe made of information? And where would the information have emerged from in the first place? Clearly, evolutionary emergence by self-organization is how the universe works… …where small and simple things self-organize into larger emergent things. Our minds are an example of this.

The power of the neural-network like universe is in its massive connectivity — both forward and backward in time. Networks harness the mathematical power of exponential growth. … There are no laws in physics that place an upper limit on what percentage of the universe can exponentially self-organize into freewill systems like us humans. All the energy in the universe can be converted into a single conscious system that is itself a network of conscious systems. Given enough time, what can happen will eventually happen. By this axiom, universal emergent consciousness has happened somewhere ahead of us in space-time. Because it is possible, it is inevitable. In fact, according to the evidence of retro-causality time loops, that inevitable future is co-creating us right now just as we are co-creating it.

Notes:
1 Klee Irwin, The Quasicrystalline Nature of Consciousness in the Universe (May 13, 2016), Retrieved Feb 24, 2018, from https://youtu.be/ILUlqd6O0MQ.

Paavo Pylkkänen on David Bohm’s interpretation of the quantum theory

Paavo Pylkkänen discusses David Bohm’s interpretation of quantum theory, including mind and matter, in this article — Is there Room in Quantum Ontology for a Genuine Causal Role for Consciousness?

Source: Twitter.

Here are some quotes from the article (my emphasis in bold):

… active information is playing a key causal role in physical processes at the quantum level.

organisms that are conscious of their own and others’ mental states have a better ability to interact, cooperate, and communicate.

… conscious experience … presents us with the options to choose from …

… certain conscious states … have an intrinsic motivating force … as an indivisible part of the experience itself.

… consciousness seems to be decisive for meaningful interactions with our environment.

… consciousness, flexible control, free will, and unified and integrated representations are all interconnected.

… information in conscious mental states is globally available to a number of different mental subsystems …

… information in conscious experience is typically very rich in its content — it is unified and integrated.

… consciousness both enables the sort of information that flexible control requires, and it also makes it possible for such information to reach the subsystems that are required in the execution of the control.

matter at the quantum level is fundamentally different from the sort of mechanical matter of classical physics

then it is perhaps not so surprising that a very complex aggregate of such elements … has a body, accompanied by a mind that guides it.

Bohm proposed that we understand mental states as involving a hierarchy of levels of active information.

Bohm saw nature as a dynamic process where information and meaning play a key dynamic role

the higher level of thought can organize the content in the lower level into a coherent whole.

Bohm went as far as to say that electrons have a ”primitive mind-like quality,” but by ”mind” he was here referring to the ”activity of form,” …

… we could say that suitably integrated active information is conscious.

… in my view a major reason for its being ignored is that it goes so much against the prevalent mechanistic way of thinking …

Bohm’s suggestion was that a natural extension of his ontological interpretation of the quantum theory can include mental processes and even conscious experience …

More flexible control means … that the organism is able to choose from among different options the one that best fits the situation

In Bohmian terms … consciousness enables the organism to suspend the activity of information.

… flexible control in the Bohmian view seems to involve higher-order, meta-level information that we are conscious of …

there isan interesting analogy between Bohm’s notion of common pools of information at the quantum level and the notion of collective intentionality in social ontology.

… Bohm emphasizes that information is typically active …

One possibility is that the presence of consciousness increases the level of activity of the information.

… quantum active information … is semantic and has both factual and instructional aspects …

… our ethical judgments (e.g., ”the choice of the best”) can typically also affect the way information is activated, and consequently our behavior.

Our choices of ”the best” are somehow related to value intelligence.

Related posts:
Book Review: Mind, Matter and the Implicate Order
The meaning of meaning
Meaning as being
Free flow of meaning

Book Review: Dark Night Early Dawn

Christopher Bache explores the “deep ecology of mind as it reveals itself in nonordinary states” in Dark Night, Early Dawn: Steps to a Deep Ecology of Mind (p.16). Bache’s contention is that “we need to expand our frame of reference beyond the individual human being and look to the living systems the individual is part of” (p.16). He believes that “one of the greatest challenges facing psychology and philosophy today is to grasp the full implications of our interconnectedness” (p.115). He thinks that “the fundamental polarity of our nature is the polarity of individuality and wholeness, and wholeness includes both depth and breadth” (p.115). “… it is not individuality itself that is the illusion but our sense of being isolated from the whole” (p.264).

Dark Night
The book’s title points beyond “the individual to the collective dark night” (p.16). Christopher Bache is convinced that “we have entered a time of unprecedented disruption of life at fundamental levels that will soon reach catastrophic proportions” (p.16). He believes that “the more clearly we understand the deep structure of events that are overtaking our lives, the more we may be able ease the pain of the transition humanity is being called upon to make” (pp. 16—17). At a deeper level, this will “involve a deep shift in how we collectively feel about each other and the world at large” (p.231).

Transpersonal Paradigm
Christopher Bache thinks that “we are so deeply habituated to thinking of mind as a private phenomenon that recognizing its collective component is extremely difficult and triggers a chorus of objections” (p.205). “What is required”, he says, is that individuality is relocated within a “transpersonal paradigm” (p.205). This allows us to recognize the dynamics that are visible if we are “open to new and startling observations drawn from carefully scrutinized experience” (p.205). “While not abandoning our skeptical edge, we must push our critical faculties to explore uncharted territory” (p.205).

“Because we are constantly taught that only individual beings have minds, we fail to recognize instances of transindividual mental functioning operating in our everyday life” (p.183). Transpersonal experiences “arise from a complex interaction between the mind doing the exploring and the larger Mind being explored” (p.30). This means that “we must use mind to explore mind” (p.30). We must also ask what the implications of these experiences are “for human existence” (p.7). We need to be “more sensitive to the limits of human understanding and more open to the unknown” (p.39), especially if “controversial data … has been gathered according to the same methodological standards accepted in other contexts” (p.39).

Conceptual Framework
Christopher Bache tries to create “a conceptual framework” (p.254) based on his work with “psychedelic states” (p.9), his experiences in “the classroom” (p.184), Richard Tarnas’s overviews of “Western philosophy” (p.22), Stanislav Grof’s study of “the deep psyche ” (p.48), Rupert Sheldrake’s theory of “morphic fields” (p.78), Kennet Ring’s observations from “NDEs” (near-death experiences) (p.111), and “chaos theory” (p.241).

Bache’s observation is that “Sheldrake’s hypothesis of morphic fields meshes with Grof’s experiential data” (p.80). He recognizes the “similarity of psychedelic states to NDEs” (p.109). Studying “the experiences of many persons” together with the possibility of repetition in psychedelic therapy “draws out the organic processes involved, showing … how one state systematically unfolds into another” (p.109). His experience is that “the individual and collective energies of everything that surrounds us creates a collective net of influences that flows through our conscious and unconscious awareness” (p.150). Our “sense of identity” is “a transparent reality in continuous exchange with a larger field of awareness created by our previous life experiences” (pp.163—164). Our sensitivity to this exchange increases as “our basic sense of identity shifts, becoming progressively deeper” (p.164).

The most powerful context in which Christopher Bache has experienced “the field dynamics of mind on a regular basis is in the classroom” (p.184). Bache thinks that “at least” some of his experiences in the classroom can better be thought of as “the manifestation of a group mind” (p.195). Slowly he began to “recognize the existence of these fields” operating in his classes (p.195). Eventually, it “simply became more elegant to conceptualize” his observations as “symptoms of a unified learning field that underlay and integrated the class as a whole” (p.195). As he made the shift to thinking of this “something” as mental fields, a “variety of conceptual and experiential pieces began to fall into place” (p.196).

Provisional Conclusions
Many experiences through the years led Christopher Bache to draw a number of “provisional conclusions” (p.196). Bache thinks that when “a number of minds come together and integrate their individual capacities, it is as though they become phase-locked in ways analogous to how individual neurons become phase-locked in hemispherically synchronized brain states” (p.209). “When persons open themselves to each other and focus on a common goal, their individual energies meld in a way that mediates contact with levels of intelligence and creativity that are beyond the reach of these individuals acting alone” (p.209). What cannot be “accomplished separately becomes available to those who work together” (p.202).

Christopher Bache believes that mental fields are “always present whenever collective intention is focused in group projects of sustained duration and repeated form” (p.197). These fields “appear to vary enormously in strength, reflecting a variety of factors” (p.197). The “key ingredients” for these fields to form seem to be: (1) “collective intention”, (2) “sustained duration”, and (3) “repetition” (p.198). It seems as “… sustained and repeated focusing of many minds on a single purpose creates strong currents within the larger field of mind” (p.199).

Early Dawn
Christopher Bache thinks that “we are only beginning to glimpse the collective dynamics of mind” and wants to “encourage increased discussion of these important issues” (p.187). The observation of “energetic resonance and … fields operating in educational contexts has the potential to transform not only education but a wide range of creative group processes” (p.209). The possibilities expand exponentially as we learn to enter into states of “synchronized group awareness” (p.209). Bache believes that “one of the most important theoretical and practical challenges … is learning how these fields operate, how to work with them directly, and how to manage the enormous energies that are sometimes generated when they are activated” (p.187).

Bache points out that “our individual choices may have enormous ramifications if they reflect our highest potential and seek the greatest good of humanity as a whole” (p.244). “As the inherent wholeness of existence becomes a living experience for more and more persons, individuals will find … new orders of creativity that could not have been anticipated as long as we were trapped within the narrow confines of an atomistic, self-referential mode of consciousness” (p.256).

Summary
Christopher Bache provides a creative and radically expanded view on what it means to be human, both individually and collectively. He approaches the subject with a deep respect and wish to understand. Bache takes the reader into uncharted territory. I’m not able (or prepared) to follow every step he takes in the book, but I think he has done a great job in balancing his deep (trans)personal insights with incisive thinking. His writing is characterized by a combination personal and intellectual honesty which makes me willing to listen. It’s a fascinating book on an important subject!

Ralph Stacey on rule-following

Ralph Stacey writes that we have to think of global organizational order as continually emerging in myriad local interactions,1 and that it is highly simplistic to think of human beings as rule-following beings.2 In our acting, we may take account of rules but can hardly be said to blindly follow them.3

The essential and distinctive characteristic of human beings is that we are conscious and self-conscious beings capable of emotion, spontaneity, imagination, fantasy and creative action. We are essentially reflexive and reflective.4 We do not interact blindly according to mechanistic rules, but engage in meaningful communicative interaction with each other.5 We establish power relations between ourselves.6 And we also exercise at least some degree of choice as to how we will respond to the actions of others.7 In addition, we use tools and technologies to accomplish what we choose to do.8

This means that consciousness, self-consciousness, reflection and reflexivity, creativity, imagination and fantasy, communication, meaning, power, choice, evaluation, tool use and sociality should explicitly be brought to any interpretation, as regards human beings.9

Notes:
1 Patricia Shaw and Ralph Stacey (editors), Experiencing Risk, Spontaneity and Improvisation in Organizational Change: Working live, (Routledge, 2006), p. 125.
2 Ibid., p. 126.
3 Ibid..
4 Ibid..
5 Ibid..
6 Ibid..
7 Ibid..
8 Ibid..
9 Ibid..

Related post:
Ralph Stacey on beliefs

A wide-ranging hangout with Simon Robinson

Simon Robinson, co-author of Holonomics: Business Where People and Planet Matter, shares in this wide-ranging hangout his view on holonomics, wholeness, leadership, change, human values, and the dynamics of seeing deeply. Simon says that there’s lot of talk about collaboration, co-creation, sustainability, and sharing, but that these are just words if there’s no authenticity and a lived presence of human values. I fully agree.

Related posts:
Book Review: Holonomics
Book Review: First Steps to Seeing

The uncovering of the U-process

TAI Presents Joseph Jaworski who tells the story about the uncovering of the U-process. The presentation is divided into the seven videos:

Related videos:
ZIN monastry for meaning and work invites Joseph Jaworski
Joseph Jaworski speaks to the to the staff of Berrett-Koehler about his history, perspective, and new book Source

The Elements

The Elements with Joseph Jaworski is an interesting series of short videos on:

A guided meditation through our interiors

Here is a video with Genpo Roshi who has integrated aspects of Zen state training with Voice Dialogue. The process works by engaging the “voices” of the ego—such as desire, fear, and “the controller”—and then moving into an experience of Big Mind/Big Heart, and the integrated free-functioning self. My question is whether this self really is the ”aware ego” or still is a ”voice”?

The Three Principles

The Three Principles are defined as:

  • Mind—The energy and intelligence of all life
  • Consciousness—The gift of awareness
  • Thought—The creative agent we use to direct us through life

Here are short videos where Aaron Turner, Mara Gleason, Michael Neill, and Tanya Kennard explains what the Three Principles of Mind, Consciousness, and Thought means to them:

Aaron Turner

  1. The Three Principles
  2. Business
  3. Parenting

Mara Gleason 1(2)

  1. Three Principles
  2. How can people change so quickly?
  3. What is an insight?
  4. Wisdom going beyond the brain
  5. It’s all about thought!
  6. You’re always ok

Mara Gleason 2(2)

  1. Introduction
  2. What are you seeing new?
  3. The power of ’seeing’
  4. Three principles and business

Michael Neill

  1. Coaching and the Three Principles
  2. Ground of experience
  3. Wisdom and personal thinking – Same source
  4. Inside-out and outside-in
  5. Thought revolution
  6. Relationships and the Three Principles
  7. Religion and the Three principles
  8. Potential for humanity

Tanya Kennard

  1. On the current mental health paradigm
  2. What are the Three Principles?
  3. On parenting
  4. On the mental health field
  5. Talking about thought

The New Metaphysics

There are newly evolving assumptions in science which challenge the assumptions of classical science. Below is a comparison of the classsical and evolving scientific worldviews  as proposed by Willis Harman. The table is a summary of Figure 15.6 in The Conscious Universe by Dean Radin.

Orthodox “Separateness” Science Proposed “Wholeness” Science
Basic Assumption: Basic Assumption:
The universe is made up of fundamental particles and quanta that are separate from one another except for certain connections made through fields. The universe is a single whole within which every part is intimately connected to every other part.
The universe is scientifically understood to be ultimately deterministic. A deterministic universe stems from the assumption of “separateness”; there is no reason to expect it to be borne out in experience.
… Consciousness is a byproduct of material evolution and is an epiphenomenon with no intrinsic meaning or purpose. …consciousness may be an important investigative tool, a “window” to other dimensions of reality.
There is no evidence for “drives” or “purposes” in evolution. … There is no scientific evidence for anything in the universe resembling “purpose” or “design.” …  … The universe may be genuinely, and not just apparently, purposeful and goal-oriented.
A scientific explanation of a phenomenon consists in relating the phenomenon to increasingly general, fundamental, and invariant scientific laws. … There is no reason to assume that scientific laws are invariant; it seems more plausible that they too evolve. … Evidence points to consciousness either evolving along with, or being prior to, the material world.
The truest information about objective reality is obtained through the observer being as detached as possible. A clear separation can be maintained between subjective and objective knowledge. There is an ultimate limit to objectivity, in that some “observer effect” is inevitable in any observation. Understanding comes not from detachment, objectivity, and analysis but from identifying with the observed, becoming one with it.
All scientific knowledge is ultimately based on data obtained through the physical senses. Such information is ultimately quantifiable. Reality is contacted through physical sense data and through inner, deep, intuitive knowing. Our encounter with reality is not limited to being aware of messages from our physical senses …

Engagemang efterfrågas

Richard Berglund har doktorerat på hur man skapar engagemang. Det är ju ett helt underbart fantastiskt forskningsområde, tänker jag! Richard listar i sin avhandling ”Engagemang efterfrågas – hur tre tillverkande företag söker medverkan från sina anställdas när de inför lean” tio faktorer som påverkar engagemanget:

  1. Vision och strategi: Det nyanserade samtalet och de gemensamma strävandena.
  2. Tilltro: En kultur av öppenhet och låga statusskillnader.
  3. Ledningens aktiva medverkan: Närvaro, kommunikation och förståelse – ”att leva som man lär”.
  4. Långsiktigt tänkande: Engagemang byggs långsamt, men kan förstöras på ett ögonblick. Ständiga omorganisationer, omkastningar och nystarter är förödande.
  5. Hänsyn till individen: Olikhet är en styrka i ett bra samspel. Undvik eldsvådorna istället för att släcka bränder.
  6. Ansvar och befogenheter: Delegerade befogenheter och egna resurser att genomföra idéer ger snabbt ringar på vattnet. Mer blir rätt än vad som blir fel.
  7. Möjlighet att påverka: Att bli konsulterad i frågor som berör oss. Att INTE bli överkörd.
  8. Utmaning: Chefen har inte alla svar. Öppna frågor, där våra svar efterfrågas, är bättre.
  9. Lärande: All utveckling handlar om lärande. Tide behövs för att förstå det som händer så att vi kan utvecklas tillsammans.
  10. Vinst för alla: Resultatet av våra ansträngningar fördelas någorlunda rättvist.