Aesthetics in Japan is seen as an integral part of daily life and include ancient ideals like:
- Yūgen (幽玄), an awareness of the Universe that triggers emotional responses too deep and powerful for words; 1
- Wabi, transient and stark beauty;
- Sabi, the beauty of natural aging.
In Zen philosophy there are seven principles for achieving wabi-sabi:
- Fukinsei (不均整), asymmetry, irregularity;
- Kanso (簡素), simplicity;
- Koko, basic, weathered;
- Shizen (自然), without pretense, natural;
- Yugen (幽玄), subtly profound grace, not obvious;
- Datsuzoku (脱俗), unbounded by convention, free;
- Seijaku (静寂), tranquility, stillness.
1 The exact translation depends on the context.