Nine basic human needs

Marshall Rosenberg mentions nine basic human needs in his NVC training course Session #3 (22 minutes from start):

  • Sustenance (basic physical needs, food, air, water, shelter)
  • Safety (protection)
  • Love
  • Empathy
  • Rest (recreation, play)
  • Community (warm)
  • Creativity
  • Autonomy (strong need to choose our own way in life, is alive in us from an early age)
  • Meaning (living life fully, purpose, need to contribute to life, to see how our efforts have made people’s lives richer and the life on the planet richer)

These needs are in turn based on Manfred Max-Neef’s classification of fundamental human needs.

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