There are a number of principles which are characteristic of Quaker decision-making:
- Unanimous decisions—no voting
- Silent periods—at start of meeting and when conflict arises
- Moratorium—when agreement cannot be reached
- Participation by all with ideas on the subject
- Learning to listen—not going to meeting with mind made up
- Absence of leaders—the clerk steers but does not dominate
- Nobody outranks anybody
- Factual-focus—emotions kept to a minimum
- Small meetings—typically limited numbers
Michael J. Sheeran, Beyond Majority Rule, p. 51.
Stuart Chase, Roads to Agreement, pp. 51-52.