Sociocracy vs. Holacracy vs. Sociocracy 3.0

Sociocracy is a governance method based on consent decision-making and cybernetic principles which was developed during the 1970s. Sociocracy significantly influenced the early development of Holacracy in 2006/2007. And Sociocracy 3.0 was introduced in 2014. Here’s my attempt to compare all three based on my reading of Gerard Endenburg’s first book on Sociocracy, Brian Robertson’s […]

Is Sociocracy an empty method?

The Sociocratic Circle-Organization Method (Sociocracy) is said to be ’empty’ since the users are free to fill out their own details.1 I think this is true for many methods, including Holacracy and Sociocracy 3.0.2 Sociocracy is based on the following norms:3 SCN 500 The Sociocratic Method: Terms and definitions. SCN 1001-0 The Sociocratic Method: Patterns […]

The big misconception in sociocracy

Georges Romme analyzes The Big Misconceptions Holding Holacracy Back in the 10 September 2015 issue of the Harvard Business Review.  Sharon Villines provides a summary and commentary on Romme’s article in the Misconceptions about Sociocracy at on 18 September 2015. Here are my own comments. I agree with Georges Romme that Holacracy and sociocracy […]

Are Holacracy and sociocracy Teal?

First a disclaimer. I don’t really know how a Teal organization1 looks like! What Frederic Laloux does in his book Reinventing Organizations is to use Holacracy to define aspects of Teal.2, 3, 4 Well, is Holacracy Teal then by definition? No, not necessarily! In Holacracy, the power is in the process,5 roles and accountabilities are defined […]

Medborgarlön är en sociokratisk tanke

Miljöpartisterna Annika Lillemets, Valter Mutt, Rickard Persson och Carl Schlyter skriver i Svd Debatt 2015-10-01 att Miljöpartiet vill tillsätta en statlig utredning kring medborgarlön, dvs. att alla medborgare har en garanterad basinkomst. Det är en intressant tanke, inte minst utifrån ett sociokratiskt perspektiv. Medborgarlön lyfts fram som ett viktigt sätt att garantera allas likvärdighet i […]

The phenomenology of sociocracy

Phenomenology is a philosophy, an academic discipline, and a practiced research methodology. It arose from a group of continental philosophers in the early 1900s with Edmund Husserl and has developed into a qualitative research methodology. Unlike other research methodologies, our sense experience, intuition, and feelings do not need to be disregarded. The key is to […]

What if control is inappropriate?

My conclusion after having read Brian Robertson’s new book on Holacracy and Gerard Endenburg’s first book on Sociocracy is that neither Holacracy nor Sociocracy replace Command & Control (C&C). Both use C&C within limits. This triggered feedback from Holacracy people that the Lead Link Role doesn’t manage day-to-day work and doesn’t manage others, but that […]

Traditional vs. Sociocratic vs. Holacratic Command & Control

Adam Pisoni writes in Here’s Why You Should Care About Holacracy: The “leaderless” workplace structure is sweeping companies like Zappos and Medium that “Holacracy is simply the first fully formed alternative to C&C that real companies are using successfully.” I think this is misleading. Sociocracy predates Holacracy® with 30 years. And neither Holacracy nor Sociocracy […]

Holacracy vs. Sociocracy

I have written book reviews of Brian Robertson’s new book on Holacracy and Gerard Endenburg’s first book on Sociocracy. Robertson’s book was published in 2015. Endenburg’s book was originally published in Dutch in 1981. The first English translation was published in 1988, and the Eburon edition, which I have reviewed, in 1998. Here’s my comparison […]

Book Review: Sociocracy

Gerard Endenburg has written two major books on sociocracy, Sociocracy: The organization of decision-making and Sociocracy: As social design. There is a considerable overlap between these two books. This is a review of the first book, which is of particular interest since it includes Gerard Endenburg’s own story of sociocracy. The original edition was published […]