Operating as mechanism vs. organism

Elisabet Sahtouris makes the following distinction between operating as mechanism vs. organism in her book EarthDance:1

MECHANISM ORGANISM
Allopoietic Autopoietic
Inventor created Self-created
Hierarchic structure Holarchic embeddedness
Top-down command Holarchic dialog/negotiation
System engineered System negotiated
Repaired by engineers/experts Repairs itself
Evolution by external redesign Evolution by internal redesign
Exists for product or profit Exists for health and survival
Serves owners’ self interest Serves self/society/ecosystem

Notes:
1 Elisabet Sahtouris, EarthDance: Living Systems in Evolution, p.370.

Related post:
Principles for healthy living systems

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